Key populations have suboptimal knowledge of their HIV status.
There are significant gaps in HIV testing among key populations at higher risk of HIV infection, resulting in suboptimal levels of knowledge of their HIV status. HIV testing is a critical gateway to HIV prevention and treatment services. Without knowledge of HIV status, people cannot access life-prolonging HIV treatment services.
Analysis of data from special surveys shows that, on average, about two thirds of sex workers and gay men and other men who have sex with men globally either had taken an HIV test and received the results within the past 12 months or had previously tested positive for HIV—meaning that about one third did not know their HIV status. This testing gap was even larger for people who inject drugs. These surveys are often conducted where key population-friendly services are available and may overstate overall testing coverage.